I’m a little late to the party here. I’ve been fighting with this install for 6 months! It got to the point that my laptop wouldn’t suspend and would crash when I would reboot. The next version of Ubuntu was released before I could get this proof read and published!
I’ve been keeping a list of the files that I restore so I don’t forget anything. I like formatting the drive and starting from scratch, but I have to be careful what I copy back, otherwise it defeats the purpose. Maybe this list will help you think through what you need to backup and restore on your system:
~/.ssh: connection keys for SSH connections
~/app: (as in application development) this is where I keep my play space for programming projects
~/Documents: where most of my regular files, like documents, of course
~/DigitalEagleServices: work-related files
~/Insync: OneDrive files (saves times resyncing from the Internet)
~/.config/google-chrome: my Google Chrome browser profile, restores bookmarks, last used tabs, browser history, etc.
~/.remmina: the configuration for Remmina, the remote desktop software
~/.sword: the data files for the sword project, which I use with Xiphos
~/.vim: my custom configurations for the Vi editor
~/.vimrc: the actual configuration file for the Vi editor
~/.local/share/fonts: extra fonts that I have collected over the years
/etc/NetworkManager/system-connections: this saves all of my wireless connections and VPN connections (I’m not sure this worked this time)
.local/share/applications: I review this directory for shortcuts to apps that I use
~/bin: certain programs and scripts that I installed manually
~/Zotero: research data, depending on how you installed it may be in ~/snap/zotero-snap/common/Zotero
~/.config/obs-studio: my setup (scenes, etc) for OBS Studio
Permissions are important for the SSH files. Here’s how I fixed them:
The network manager connection files also have to have certain permissions. So, it is easier to restore them to my Downloads directory and then use these commands:
chmod 600 *
sudo chown root:root *
sudo cp * /etc/NetworkManager/system-connections/
sudo service NetworkManager restart
Flameshot is my current screenshot tool. I need it installed sooner than later to help document. First off, it’s easy to install with:
sudo apt install flameshot
To make it better, I like it mapped to the print screen button. That way I get the control of Flameshot for every screenshot. Here’s the commands I can run on the command-line to make that happen:
gsettings set org.gnome.settings-daemon.plugins.media-keys screenshot ''
gsettings set org.gnome.settings-daemon.plugins.media-keys custom-keybindings "['/org/gnome/settings-daemon/plugins/media-keys/custom-keybindings/custom0/']"
gsettings set org.gnome.settings-daemon.plugins.media-keys.custom-keybinding:/org/gnome/settings-daemon/plugins/media-keys/custom-keybindings/custom0/ name 'flameshot'
gsettings set org.gnome.settings-daemon.plugins.media-keys.custom-keybinding:/org/gnome/settings-daemon/plugins/media-keys/custom-keybindings/custom0/ command '/usr/bin/flameshot gui'
gsettings set org.gnome.settings-daemon.plugins.media-keys.custom-keybinding:/org/gnome/settings-daemon/plugins/media-keys/custom-keybindings/custom0/ binding 'Print'
Finally, I went to Configuration > General and checked “Launch at startup”.
Note: My old favorite was Shutter. I haven’t installed it and gone back to it yet.
My favorite browser so far has been Google Chrome. I could make arguments for other browsers, but Chrome has been my favorite for a while. I downloaded the browser package from Google’s Website and installed it by double clicking on it in the Downloads folder (opened in the Software Center).
Don’t forget, I also restored my profile in ~/.config/google-chrome to keep all of my bookmarks and such. After that, I just had to sign in to my Google account at the upper right corner of the browser because it said the sync was paused. I had to sign in to all of the websites because it lost the session, but that was no big deal. I was back in business where I left off.
I also went to System Settings > Default Applications and set the default for Web to Chrome.
On past installations, I have used KeePass2. Since getting into Flutter, I found AuthPass, which is a KeePass implementation in Flutter. So, I’m jumping ship and going for it. Their blog post documents an Apt repo, but that didn’t work. Here’s what I tried:
E: The repository 'http://ppa.launchpad.net/codeux.design/authpass/ubuntu hirsute Release' does not have a Release file.
N: Updating from such a repository can't be done securely, and is therefore disabled by default.
After installing, it popped open a prompt to start Dropbox. That places the indicator icon by the clock. It also downloaded the “proprietary” binary required to make it work. It also opened a browser window to do the log in. I had trouble making that work until I signed into the website first and then connected the desktop client.
OneDrive itself doesn’t have a sync client. So, I have been using InSync. I just downloaded that from their website. Then, I installed with:
I have an Nvida card, so I wanted to install the driver. Last Ubuntu version automatically installed the drvier. This time, I had to do it myself. I opened the Additional Drivers app an selected the 465 driver:
After trying the 465 and 470 drivers for a while, I found it was locking up a lot. Chrome and Teams would crash everytime I would open the laptop lid up. I guess restoring after a suspend caused memory issues. Worse, it would lock up everytime I would disconnect from my D6000 dock. So, I tried the 450 driver I had on the previous version of Ubuntu.
I haven’t done some good testing to confirm, but I think Power Top has doubled my battery life. I installed with:
Just because it’s fun to see as the years go by, here’s the stats:
--- TLP 1.3.1 --------------------------------------------
+++ System Info
System = Dell Inc. XPS 15 7590
BIOS = 1.10.0
Release = Ubuntu 21.04
Kernel = 5.11.0-22-generic #23-Ubuntu SMP Thu Jun 17 00:34:23 UTC 2021 x86_64
/proc/cmdline = BOOT_IMAGE=/vmlinuz-5.11.0-22-generic root=/dev/mapper/vgubuntu-root ro quiet splash vt.handoff=7
Init system = systemd v247 (247.3-3ubuntu3.1)
Boot mode = UEFI
+++ TLP Status
State = enabled
RDW state = enabled
Last run = 11:30:47 PM, 10 sec(s) ago
Mode = AC
Power source = AC
To be prepared for any VPN requirement, I install all the VPNs:
LIbreOffice comes pre-installed. But, to keep it up to date, I added the official repository:
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:libreoffice/ppa
For Bible study software, I use Xiphos. Remember up in the backup section, I restored the .sword directory for the Bible text and commentaries.
sudo apt install xiphos
I’ve been using Zotero off and on for a while now. It’s hard to figure out the best way to install in a way that keeps it automatically updated. I finally found a place that claims to update the repository within 24 hours of updates. So, I’ll use that.
Restoring the data directory was a big challenging because I had use the snap before. I had to move the data from ~/snap/zotero-snap/common/Zotero to ~/Zotero
I’ve been using Joplin as my notes application. I installed it from the software center, but I noticed it was a snap app:
snap install joplin-desktop
After installing, I went to Tools > Options > Synchronization, and I changed the target to OneDrive. After that, I exited back out to the main app and clicked the Synchronize button. That took me through the login process.
The cups-browsed service is very annoying because it adds printers that don’t get removed. So, a laptop that travels around a bit just collects printers that never get removed.
To install my Dell E525W printer, I downloaded the driver from the Dell website. I unzipped and installed the deb package:
sudo apt install ./dell-color-mfp-e525w_1.0-28_all.deb
I have found the settings app unreliable for working with printers. So, I used the cups web interface at http://localhost:631. I added an IPP printer with the URL ipp://DELLA40A1E/ipp/ and the PPD file located at: /usr/share/cups/model/Dell/Dell_Color_MFP_E525w.ppd.gz
Application Package Systems
Ubuntu comes with the ability to use DEB packages and snap packages. I used this to add AppImages:
chmod a+x appimaged-x86_64.AppImage
I retired these two extensions. I list them because maybe I’ll go back:
Caffeine: the tool I used to use stop the computer from going to sleep
Do Not Disturb Button: I used to use this for hiding notifications during meetings. It’s no longer maintained.
I’ve had issues with old versions of Gimp and collaborating with others . According to Gimp’s website, 2.10.24 is the latest version. Gimp came installed as a snap and it is actually the latest version. So, I left it alone.
sudo apt install inkscape \
Inkscape: My go to program for drawing (vector-based drawing)
Note: If you forget that second (reconfigure) command, you’ll get errors like this every apt install:
libdvd-pkg: apt-get check failed, you may have broken packages. Aborting…
N: Download is performed unsandboxed as root as file '/home/skp/Downloads/insync_126.96.36.199983-focal_amd64.deb' couldn't be accessed by user '_apt'. - pkgAcquire::Run (13: Permission denied)
For OBS, I repeated what I did on the last version of Ubuntu: