Category: Virtualization

Ubuntu 14.04: Virtualization

This is a continuation of my series on installing Ubuntu 14.04 Trusty Tahr.  My previous post covered going through the different media programs that I installed back onto my laptop.  In this post, I’ll install Virtualbox to allow using virtual machines.  If you would like to see the complete list of posts, check out my Ubuntu 14.04 install page.

Last time, I just downloaded the deb package from Virtualbox’s Download website.  This time, they showed that they have a respository.  By installing from the repository, it should keep Virtualbox up to date.

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Fixing NAT for Virtual Box on Ubuntu

For some reason, NAT quit working for me in Virtual Box.  Everything works fine, but the machines won’t connect to the Internet unless I change them to bind to a particular adapter.  The problem is that I use different adapters based on my location.  At the office, I have a docking station and the network goes through the USB connector.  At home, I use wireless.  So, when I bind, I have to remember to change the adapter for it to work.  If I use NAT, it doesn’t matter.

So, here’s how I found I could fix NAT to work again.

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VMWare Updated to 4.0.2 on Ubuntu 11.10

Today, my VMWare just offered to update!  Now, I have the new 4.0.2 version:

The update was great.  I wish other software vendors could make their updates this easy!  I just stepped through the Wizard, and before too long, I have the latest and greatest installed.

You can read the changes in the new version here: VMware Player 4.0.2 Release Notes.

I have been having trouble with the VMWare Tools update hanging.  It would download and install forever, and I couldn’t close the window.  With the new version, it finished and installed–no problem.

Another new feature that I just noticed was the Shared Folders.  I am not sure if this is new to this version or not.  I had been looking for Shared Folders, but I hadn’t been able to find them.  Now, they are an option in the machine settings:

VMWare won’t compile!

I just had an issue with VMWare where the kernel modules would not compile.  Here’s the details and the solution:

Details of the Error:

I get the “Unable to Start Services” and the Virtual Network Device has a warning symbol next to it:

Unable to Start Services Error Message

Digging around in the log, this is the closest thing that I could find to an error:

vthread-3| I120: Host is Linux Fedora release 15 (Lovelock)
vthread-3| I120: Msg_Reset:
vthread-3| I120: [msg.dictionary.load.openFailed] Cannot open file "/usr/lib/vmware/settings": No such file or directory.
vthread-3| I120: ----------------------------------------
vthread-3| I120: PREF Optional preferences file not found at /usr/lib/vmware/settings. Using default values.
vthread-3| I120: Msg_Reset:
vthread-3| I120: [msg.dictionary.load.openFailed] Cannot open file "/home/skp/.vmware/config": No such file or directory.
vthread-3| I120: ----------------------------------------
vthread-3| I120: PREF Optional preferences file not found at /home/skp/.vmware/config. Using default values.
vthread-3| W110: Logging to /tmp/vmware-root/modconfig-2658.log
vthread-3| I120: modconf query interface initialized
vthread-3| I120: modconf library initialized
vthread-3| I120: Your GCC version: 4.6
vthread-3| I120: Validating path /lib/modules/preferred/build/include for kernel release
vthread-3| I120: Failed to find /lib/modules/preferred/build/include/linux/version.h
vthread-3| I120: Failed version test: /lib/modules/preferred/build/include/linux/version.h not found.
vthread-3| I120: Validating path /lib/modules/ for kernel release
vthread-3| I120: Your GCC version: 4.6
vthread-3| I120: Your GCC version: 4.6

I can’t start the services manually:

$ sudo service vmware start
Starting vmware (via systemctl):  Job failed. See system logs and 'systemctl status' for details.

If you start vmware from the command line, you’ll see this error buried in the output:

/tmp/vmware-root/modules/vmnet-only/compat_netdevice.h:220:1: error: conflicting types for ‘netif_queue_stopped’

Here’s just a little more information about my system (Fedora 15):

$ uname -r

Here’s my VMWare version:

$ vmplayer --version
VMware Player 4.0.1 build-528992

Applying the Fix

I found a post that suggested several fixes.  First, I installed the hal package:

sudo yum install hal

I don’t know if that contributed toward the solution or not.

I had to downgrade to an earlier version of VMWare.  To do so, I had to uninstall my current version with:

sudo vmware-installer -u vmware-player

After downloading the previous version, I installed it with:

sudo bash VMware-Player-4.0.0-471780.x86_64.txt

Next, I found a post with a patch.

cd /usr/lib/vmware/modules/source
sudo cp vmnet.tar backup_vmnet.tar
sudo wget -O vmnet.tar ""

Then, I compiled the modules with:

sudo vmware-modconfig --console --install-all

I still got messages about the service not being able to start, but it still ran and booted my virtual machine.

Failed Attempt #1

While the above instructions solved my problem, let me walk you through some of the other things I tried.  That might give you some more ideas if what worked for me didn’t work for you.

I found a post that suggested uninstalling and reinstalling.  So, here is the how I did it:

First, I had to determine the exact name of what was installed:

$ vmware-installer -l
Product Name         Product Version
==================== ====================

Then, here is the command:

sudo vmware-installer -u vmware-player

And after I downloaded the latest version, I had a “txt” file. It is really a script, so I ran it like this:

sudo bash VMware-Player-4.0.1-528992.x86_64.txt

Failed Attempt #2

Here’s something that I tried in case it might help you.  It didn’t help me any.

I downloaded a patch from Weltall’s blog: vmware8linux31fix.tar.gz.  Then, I extracted and ran the patch:

[skp@pecan vmwarefix]$ tar -xzvf vmware8linux31fix.tar.gz
[skp@pecan vmwarefix]$ ls  vmware3.1.0.patch  vmware8linux31fix.tar.gz
[skp@pecan vmwarefix]$ sudo ./
Sorry, this script is only for VMWare WorkStation 8.0.0 or VMWare Player 4.0.0.

The error message indicates it is looking for a particular version, so I just adjusted the script a little bit.  At the top of the script, I changed the version number:

Changing the Version Number in the script

Next, I just got another error message:

[skp@pecan vmwarefix]$ sudo ./
/usr/lib/vmware/modules/source/.patched found. You have already patched your sources. Exiting

Failed Attempt #3

found a post that suggested that someone was missing a bunch of packages.  That gave me an idea to try to find what package included version.h.  Then, this post suggested that they were in the Linux headers package.  I did have the headers installed:

$ rpm -q kernel-headers-`uname -r`

I tried to install this:

sudo yum install buildsys-build-rpmfusion-kerneldevpkgs-current

Again, this didn’t work. The packages installed, but vmware still wouldn’t build.